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Poppleton Ousebank Primary School

Poppleton Ousebank Primary School

Tel: 01904 795930

Character Education

In our school, C.L.I.M.B Learning (Character lies in my behaviour) is an integral part of our BOLD curriculum and has been for a long time. Schools have a statutory duty to promote the spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development of pupils and prepare them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life.


SMSC development lies at the heart and soul of our school, reflecting the ethos and priorities of a learning and caring community. Our BOLD Curriculum includes a broad and balanced education incorporating personal development alongside academic achievement. It is reflected in the behaviours of individuals, in their interactions and also in the provision of teaching, resources and learning environments.


Spiritual development is concerned with the exploration and development of feelings and emotions; personality, individuality and uniqueness; knowledge and understanding of their own and different beliefs and cultures. Our school aims to ‘capture the imagination of young minds’ so that they learn about themselves and others, thriving in an environment where they feel safe to think and take risks.


Moral development relates particularly to developing knowledge and understanding of right and wrong. Pupils learn to make choices in their behaviour through developing knowledge of boundaries and understanding of consequences. They learn by example and by practising through role-play, story and group activities. The BOLD Curriculum encourages children to empathise and debate through specific themes in C.L.I.M.B Learning and Adventure Learning e.g Natural Disasters.


Social development relates to the development of knowledge and understanding and the acquisition of skills in relating to others. This begins with family and friends and extends to the wider community beyond. Pupils are taught to respect each other and to appreciate each other’s similarities and differences. We encourage them to see the world beyond their own lives so that they can ‘Make a Difference’. This may be through volunteering in school or organising events to support charities and good causes.


Cultural development is concerned with encountering the defining aspects of different cultures. Explorations of values, beliefs, customs, foods, artefacts and stories, allow pupils to make comparisons and develop knowledge of lifestyles and choices of others that have shaped their heritage. Children will learn and appreciate the range of cultures that now make up modern Britain, helping them to value the country in which they live. Our broad curriculum encourages pupils to participate and explore a range of musical, artistic and sporting opportunities, enabling them to appreciate the colourful world around them.


The DFE calls SMSC, ‘Character Education’. 

There are four important aspects which shape our Character Education:

  • the ability to remain motivated by long-term goals, to see a link between effort in the present and pay-off in the longer-term, overcoming and persevering through, and learning from, setbacks when encountered;
  • the learning and habituation of positive moral attributes, sometimes known as ‘virtues’, and including, for example, courage, honesty, generosity, integrity, humility and a sense of justice, alongside others;
  • the acquisition of social confidence and the ability to make points or arguments clearly and constructively, listen attentively to the views of others, behave with courtesy and good manners and speak persuasively to an audience; and
  • an appreciation of the importance of long-term commitments which frame the successful and fulfilled life, for example to spouse, partner, role or vocation, the local community, to faith or world view. This helps individuals to put down deep roots and gives stability and longevity to lifetime endeavours.


The above aspects include the essential topics of Relationships and Sex Education, Personal development (including healthy lifestyles and economic well-being), equality and British Values. 


As with other aspects of education, the best character education does not happen by chance, but is the product of clear and purposeful leadership, a strong ethos, high expectations of pupils, and a robust curriculum.

As a school, we use both the 'JIGSAW' and 'No outsiders' schemes to provide the structure required to deliver a successful and effective programme. Jigsaw covers all areas of SMSC and PSHE (personal, social, health and economic well-being) for the primary phase including statutory Relationships and Health Education. The table below gives the learning theme of each of the six units and these are taught across the school; the learning deepens and broadens every year.



Puzzle (Unit)


Autumn 1:

Being Me in My World

Includes understanding my own identity and how I fit well in the class, school and global community. Jigsaw Charter established.

Autumn 2:

Celebrating Difference

Includes anti-bullying (cyber and homophobic bullying included) and understanding

Spring 1:

Dreams and Goals

Includes goal-setting, aspirations, who do I want to become and what would I like to do for work and to contribute to society

Spring 2:

Healthy Me

Includes drugs and alcohol education, self-esteem and confidence as well as healthy lifestyle choices, sleep, nutrition, rest and exercise

Summer 1:


Includes understanding friendship, family and other relationships, conflict resolution and communication skills, bereavement and loss

Summer 2:

Changing Me

Includes Relationships and Sex Education in the context of coping positively with change





Helping parents to understand the meaning of ‘British values’

Within the information on The BOLD Curriculum and Character Education, you will have read a statement regarding ‘British values’, and how it is embedded into our C.L.I.M.B and Adventure Learning.


All maintained schools must meet the requirements set out in section 78 of the Education Act 2002 and promote the spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development of their pupils. In 2011, the ‘Prevent Strategy’, highlighted the importance of schools actively promoting British Values. They are identified as: democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs. 

These values are not exclusively or uniquely British, but they represent key aspirations and principles for our own communities and country. It is important that pupils recognise these are expectations for a democratic and inclusive country where there is no place for prejudice and intolerance. 


The Prevent strategy 2011:


Actively promoting the values means challenging opinions or behaviours in school that are contrary to fundamental British values. Attempts to promote systems that undermine fundamental British values would be completely at odds with schools’ duty to provide SMSC. The Teachers’ Standards expect teachers to uphold public trust in the profession and maintain high standards of ethics and behaviour, within and outside school. This includes not undermining fundamental British values.


Through our provision of SMSC within C.L.I.M.B Learning and Adventure Learning, we:


  • enable children to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence;
  • enable children to distinguish right from wrong and to respect the civil and criminal law of England;
  • encourage children to accept responsibility for their behaviour, show initiative, and to understand how they can contribute positively to the lives of those living and working in the locality of the school and to society more widely;
  • enable children to acquire a broad general knowledge of and respect for public institutions and services in England;
  • further tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions by enabling students to acquire an appreciation of and respect for their own and other cultures;
  • encourage respect for other people; and
  • encourage respect for democracy and support for participation in the democratic processes, including respect for the basis on which the law is made and applied in England.


The list below describes the understanding and knowledge expected of pupils as a result of our school promoting fundamental British values.


  • an understanding of how citizens can influence decision-making through the democratic process;
  • an appreciation that living under the rule of law protects individual citizens and is essential for their wellbeing and safety;
  • an understanding that there is a separation of power between the executive and the judiciary, and that while some public bodies such as the police and the army can be held to account through Parliament, others such as the courts maintain independence;
  • an understanding that the freedom to choose and hold other faiths and beliefs is protected in law;
  • an acceptance that other people having different faiths or beliefs to oneself (or having none) should be accepted and tolerated, and should not be the cause of prejudicial or discriminatory behaviour; and
  • an understanding of the importance of identifying and combatting discrimination. 



Pupils know their thoughts, opinions and beliefs are valued by both adults and their peers. They appreciate the respectful way they are listened to and the way they listen to each other. This results in children who are able to successfully manage their behaviour and can increasingly sort out friendship problems for themselves. Children are given the opportunity to explain themselves wherever possible in both social and behavioural situations. They understand the importance of turn taking and respecting the views of others to work and play cooperatively. Such strategies and beliefs help our children to have more self-belief and become confident, articulate members of society when they leave school.


Pupils explain how to keep safe and know how to behave in a socially acceptable and harmonious manner, both in school, within the local community, and when taking part in educational visits and residentials.

Children are aware of how to stay safe while using the internet and have strategies to use if they are unsure of what they find.

Through Poppleton Pride, children regularly show that they live up to the vision, values and expectations of our school. This is reflected in the fact exclusions are low, attendance is high, school uniform is worn regularly and pupils demonstrate excellent learning behaviours.


Pupils are consulted on aspects of school life, are entrusted with responsibility and are allowed to lead their learning and actions wherever possible. The growing emphasis across the school on enquiry, reasoning and individual choice, allows children to develop unique and individual thought process without the need for teacher’s constant guidance.


Children understand why being welcoming and holding everyone in equal regard is important and are able to articulate how they can ensure that everyone feels safe and cared for when in school. Children are curious when learning about other faiths and the wider world and ask thought provoking questions.


Policy for P.S.H.E including Relationships and Sex Education

School Motto

“Capturing the Imagination of Young Minds”

School Awards

Hope Learning Trust